Arquivo da tag: Quotes

Language Bump

When two languages bump into each other, they borrow stuff.

So it goes.

We call it borrowing, except words don’t need to be returned.
Sharing is what makes the word go ‘round.

via wordsmith

Genug Geld haben

Haben Sie schon einmal einen Drogensüchtigen gesehen, dem der Stoff ausgegangen ist? Er bewegt Himmel und Hölle, er würde 20 Meilen zu Fuß gehen oder einer Großmutter ihr Gespartes abnehmen, um schnellst möglich an den nächsten Schuss zu kommen. Die Wall Street funktioniert genauso. Die Monate vor der Auszahlung der Boni haben viel gemein mit der Nachbarschaft im Film ‘The Wire’, als den Leuten das Heroin ausgegangen ist und sie einen neuen Schuss brauchen.

Wer das sagt, ist kein verwirrter Soziologe und schon gar kein böser Kommunist, sondern jemand, der es als Hedge-Fonds-Trader zu einem ansehnlichen Vermögen “brachte”. Was natürlich seinen Preis hatte: Zunächst hielt er sich mit Alkohol unter Strom, dann stieg er auf andere “leistungsfördernde Substanzen” um. Als auch das nicht mehr zu Genüge knallte, half nur noch der ultimative Fix:

Die Kohle an sich.

Bis er die Schnauze voll hatte und nüchtern wurde:

The first year was really hard. I went through what I can only describe as withdrawal — waking up at nights panicked about running out of money, scouring the headlines to see which of my old co-workers had gotten promoted.

“Der hat gut reden”, höre ich jetzt einige von Euch murmeln. “Geld hat er wohl trotzdem noch genug”. Keine Frage, aber wenn es nur darum ginge, hätte ich mir dieses Post auch sparen können.

Genug Geld zu haben ist halt etwas anderes als immer mehr davon haben zu wollen, vor allem dann, wenn man schon genug davon hat.

Caros pais, estimados alunos e estudantes!

Pesquisadores americanos fizeram um estudo (publicado na revista científica Trends in Neurosciense and Education) com crianças de 4 e 5 anos que estavam começando a ter contato com as letras.

A conclusão do estudo confirmou a hipótese de que a escrita tradicional com papel e lápis ajuda no desenvolvimento mental, mais especificamente, na capacidade de abstração. Por meio de ressonância magnética, verificou-se que certas áreas do cérebro são ativadas quando uma criança desenha e reconhece uma letra.

sunjournal.com

Fonte: sunjournal.com

Um outro estudo com universitários relatado no jornal The New York Times, provou que alunos que anotam o conteúdo da aula à mão retêm mais e melhor o que foi apresentado, em comparação com aqueles que usaram notebooks ou tablets:

For adults, typing may be a fast and efficient alternative to longhand, but that very efficiency may diminish our ability to process new information. Not only do we learn letters better when we commit them to memory through writing, memory and learning ability in general may benefit.

Two psychologists, Pam A. Mueller of Princeton and Daniel M. Oppenheimer of the University of California, Los Angeles, have reported that in both laboratory settings and real-world classrooms, students learn better when they take notes by hand than when they type on a keyboard. Contrary to earlier studies attributing the difference to the distracting effects of computers, the new research suggests that writing by hand allows the student to process a lecture’s contents and reframe it — a process of reflection and manipulation that can lead to better understanding and memory encoding.

Laptop-Vorlesung

Fonte: archiv.ethlife.ethz.ch

Bom, (embora não importe tanto), me parece que os pesquisadores norte americanos não foram pioneiros nesta matéria. Estudos com resultados semelhantes já foram divulgados anteriormente, como os de Anne Mangen, uma professora adjunta do Centro de Leitura da Universidade de Stavanger, na Noruega, que já havia publicado um artigo no periódico Advances in Haptics (Digitizing Literacy: Reflections on the Haptics of Writing), juntamente com o neurofisiologista Jean-Luc Velay, da Universidade de Marselha na França.

De qualquer forma, há fortes indicações de que escrever a mão fortalece o processo de aprendizagem, tanto de crianças quanto de adultos. Escrever a mão requer mais tempo, porém, o feedback parece ser bem maior, criando um “link” direto entre a atividade física e o reconhecimento visual.

Adhesive notes and ballpoint pen

Two kinds of slaves

In a consumer society there are inevitably two kinds of slaves:
the prisoners of addiction and the prisoners of envy.

Ivan Illich, philosopher and priest (1926-2002)

Just wondering …

What an astonishing thing a book is. It’s a flat object made from a tree with flexible parts on which are imprinted lots of funny dark squiggles. But one glance at it and you’re inside the mind of another person, maybe somebody dead for thousands of years. Across the millennia, an author is speaking clearly and silently inside your head, directly to you. Writing is perhaps the greatest of human inventions, binding together people who never knew each other, citizens of distant epochs. Books break the shackles of time. A book is proof that humans are capable of working magic.

Carl Sagan

Don’t insist on English!

First of all:

I know what you’re thinking. You think I’ve lost my way, and somebody’s going to come on the stage in a minute and guide me gently back to my seat.

Never mind … Mrs. Ryan is just warming up. It’s about learning English. There are many ways to do so. The question is: for what purpose?

And I want to remind you that the giants upon whose shoulders today’s intelligentsia stand did not have to have English, they didn’t have to pass an English test. Case in point, Einstein. He, by the way, was considered remedial at school because he was, in fact, dyslexic. But fortunately for the world, he did not have to pass an English test. Because they didn’t start until 1964 with TOEFL, the American test of English. Now it’s exploded. There are lots and lots of tests of English.

That’s the point. Does TOEFL always make sense, like all the others?

Wrong Dress Code

My wardrobe doesn’t have enough yummy colours in it.

David Letterman, June 16, 1983

Predictions for Privacy in the Age of Facebook (from 1985!)

Mark Zuckerberg wasn’t even a year old when a graduate student foresaw the emergence of online personal profiles:

The ubiquity and power of the computer blur the distinction between public and private information. Our revolution will not be in gathering data — don’t look for TV cameras in your bedroom — but in analyzing information that is already willingly shared.
[…]
Without any conspiratorial snooping or Big Brother antics, we may find our actions, our lifestyles, and even our beliefs under increasing public scrutiny as we move into the information age.
[…]
Soon celebrities and politicians will not be the only ones who have public images but no private lives — it will be all of us. We must take control of the information about ourselves. We should own our personal profiles, not be bought and sold by them.

Lawrence Hunter, 1985

Quotes found in Matt Novak’s article on Smithsonian Magazine. Worth reading.

No Better Way To Say It

Don’t walk behind me; I may not lead.
Don’t walk in front of me; I may not follow.
Just walk beside me and be my friend.

Albert Camus

Steeped In Violence

We are steeped in violence.

This past week was of course a searing reminder: Monday’s bombing at the Boston Marathon and the ensuing manhunt that ended on Friday with the death of one suspect and the capture of another, his brother, dominated the news. But there were other troubling, if less traumatic reminders, too. On Tuesday, a 577-page report by the Constitution Project concluded that the United States had engaged in torture after the Sept. 11 attacks. On Wednesday, a turning point in the heated national debate on gun control was reached when the United States Senate dropped consideration of some minimal restrictions on the sale and distribution of guns. Looming above all this is the painful memory of the mass killing at Sandy Hook Elementary School.

Now is as good a time as any to reflect on our responses to the many recent horrors that seem to have engulfed us, and to consider whether we can hope to move from an ethos of violence to one nonviolence. Facing ourselves squarely at this difficult moment might provide a better lesson for the future than allowing ourselves to once again give in to blind fury.

We might begin by asking the question, Who are we now?

Clearly, we are a violent country. Our murder rate is three to five timest hat of most other industrialized countries. The massacres that regularly take place here are predictable in their occurrence, if not in their time and place. Moreover, and more telling, our response to violence is typically more violence. We display our might — or what is left of it — abroad in order to address perceived injustices or a threat to our interests. We still have not rid ourselves of the death penalty, a fact that fills those in other countries with disbelief. Many of us, in response to the mindless gun violence around us, prescribe more guns as the solution, as the Republicans sought to do during the gun debate. And we torture people. It is as though, in thinking that the world responds only to violence, we reveal ourselves rather than the world.

Why is this? How has the United States become so saturated in slaughter?

There are, of course, many reasons, but three stand out …
read more

By Todd May, The New York Times Opinionator